Children are the fulcrum of the society. Children are also the ones who are easy targets of the various respiratory problems and often face these problems, such as the problem relating to breathing, asthma etc, and therefore proper respiratory care should be taken to avoid these problems from stemming in the very first place. Many factors including the genetics, the various pollutants and irritants-can affect the health of your children's lungs and your children's overall respiration. There are several varieties of the respiratory problems however, herein under the more common ones are discussed under the two distinct categories these are:
The upper respiratory system includes the nose, the mouth, sinuses, and the throat. A child with an upper respiratory infection may feel quite uncomfortable and sound very much congested.
The lower respiratory system includes the problems such as bronchial tubes and the lungs. Respiratory problems are quite less common in the lower respiratory system than in the cases of the upper respiratory system.
Symptoms of a lower respiratory (that is bronchial tubes and lungs) problem usually are even more severe than symptoms of an upper respiratory (that is the mouth, nose, sinuses, and throat) problem. A child with a sort of a lower respiratory problem is more likely to require a visit to a doctor than in cases of a child with an upper respiratory problem.
You may also notice:
Grunting, which is heard during the breathing out that is when exhaling phase of the breathing takes place. Most babies also grunt occasionally when they sleep. But grunting that occurs with the rapid, shallow breathing may mean the lower respiratory system infection.
Wheezing (which is quite a different sound than croup).
Flaring the nostrils and using the neck, the chest, and the abdominal muscles to breathe, causing a sort of a "sucking in" between or under the ribs (retractions) as the case maybe.
Respiratory problems may have many causes. Such as:
Children with a fever often have an infection caused by in most cases a virus, such as a cold or the flu. Infections caused by the bacteria, such as the bacterial pneumonia, also can cause a fever. Babies who are younger than 6 months should be seen by a doctor at any time when they have a fever because they can get extremely sick quite quickly. The temperature varies depending on how you actually take it. The most common methods to measure it are:
To convert a particular temperature from one method to another, use the Interactive Tool
The viral infections cause most of the upper respiratory infections. The sore throats, the colds, croup, and the influenza (flu) are common viral illnesses in the babies and the older children. These infections are usually mild and can go away in 4 to 10 days, but they can sometimes be even quite severe. Home treatments can help relieve the child's symptoms. The infection usually improves on its own within a week or so and is gone within 14 days.
Antibiotics are not to be used to treat viral illnesses and do not alter the course of the viral infections. Unnecessary use of an antibiotic exposes your child to the risks of an allergic reaction and the antibiotic side effects, such as:
Antibiotics also may kill the beneficial bacteria and encourage the development of the dangerous antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
The viral lower respiratory system infections may be quite mild, similar to the upper respiratory system infections. An example of a possibly serious viral infection is the bronchiolitis. Up to 10% of the babies and the children with viral infections of the lower respiratory system, such as those caused by the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), may develop the severe blockage of the air passages and may also require the hospitalization for treatment.
The most common sites for the bacterial infections in the upper respiratory system are the sinuses and the throat. A sinus infection is an example of an upper respiratory bacterial infection. The bacterial pneumonia may follow a viral illness as a secondary infection or appear as the first sign of a lower respiratory infection. In the babies and the small children, the first sign of infection often includes the following:
Antibiotics are quite effective against bacterial infections. Tuberculosis is a quite less common bacterial infection of the lower respiratory system.
The allergies are a common cause of the respiratory problems. Allergy symptoms in children include:
Babies and the small children usually do not have the asthma. But the number of new cases of asthma increases with the age. In babies and small children, a hacking cough may be the only symptom of the mild asthma. If asthma worsens, the symptoms may include wheezing and shortness of breath after the exercise or at nighttime. In severe asthma, there is difficulty in breathing (using the neck, the chest, and abdominal muscles to breathe) and a high-pitched sound when the breathing (wheezing) are the most common symptoms.
Allergies and the asthma often occur together.
Besides the asthma, allergies, and the infection, other possible causes of respiratory problems in children include:
If your child has a rather stuffy nose:
If your child has a cough:
These remedies are provided so that if your baby or child is having a particular respiratory problem, you are cautious and take measures which are healthy so that chances of your child or baby developing these diseases are less, and if your child or baby has already developed them you can lower their pace or fight them out in a more effective manner. However in severe cases u must show a doctor before the problem aggravates into causing a much greater harm to your child or babies health and wellbeing.
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