All You Need To Know About Obesity

Atrayee De
March 02, 2017
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All You Need To Know About Obesity

Being overweight or obese isn't quite a cosmetic problem. It has become quite a common phenomenon with the increasing supply of junk food and the lack of exercise or physical activities. The problem of obesity hits all age groups alike. The condition of obesity also greatly raises your risk level for developing the other health problems. Some of these diseases, which can be triggered by obesity are discussed hereunder:

Overweight and Obesity-Related Health Problems in the Adults

Coronary Heart Disease

As your body mass index rises, so does your risk for developing the coronary heart disease (CHD). CHD is a condition in which a sort of a waxy substance called the plaque (plan) builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply the oxygen-rich blood to your heart.

Plaque can narrow or even can block the coronary arteries and also reduces the blood flow to the heart muscle. This can cause the angina (an-JI-nun or AN-jug-nun) or even a heart attack. (Angina is chest pain or discomfort.)

Obesity also can also lead to the heart failure. This is a serious condition in which your heart can't actually pump enough blood to meet with your body's needs.

High Blood Pressure

The blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps the blood. If this pressure rises and it stays high over time, it can even damage the body in many ways. Your chances of having the high blood pressure are greater if you're overweight or actually obese.

Stroke

Being overweight or an obese person can lead to a buildup of the plaque in your arteries. Eventually, an area of the plaque can rupture, causing a blood clot to even form.

If the clot is close to your brain, it can even block the flow of the blood and the oxygen to your brain and cause a stroke. The risk of having a stroke rises as the BMI increases.

Type 2 Diabetes

The diabetes is a disease in which the body's blood glucose, or the blood sugar, level is too or extremely high. Normally, the body breaks down food into the glucose and then carries it to the cells throughout the body. The cells use a hormone called the insulin to turn the glucose into energy.

In type 2 diabetes, the body's cells don't use the insulin properly. At first, the body reacts by making more and more insulin. Over time, however, the body can't make enough insulin to control its blood sugar level.

Diabetes is a leading cause of the early death, CHD, the stroke, kidney disease, and even blindness. Most people who have the type 2 diabetes are overweight.

Abnormal Blood Fats

If you're overweight or even obese, you're at an increased risk of having the abnormal levels of blood fats. These include the high levels of triglycerides and LDL ("bad") cholesterol and the low levels of HDL ("good") cholesterol. Abnormal levels of these blood fats are a risk factor for the CHD

Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic Syndrome

The Metabolic syndrome is the name for a group of the risk factors that raises your risk for the heart disease and other health problems, such as the diabetes and stroke.

You can develop any one of these risk factors by itself, but they tend to occur even together sometimes. A diagnosis of the metabolic syndrome is made if you have at least three of the following risk factors:

  • A large waistline. This is called as the abdominal obesity or "having an apple shape." Having the extra fat in the waist area is a greater risk factor for the CHD than having the extra fat in other parts of the body, such as on the hip area.
  • A higher than normal level of the triglyceride level (or you're on medicine to treat high triglycerides).
  • A lower than normal level of the HDL cholesterol level (or you're on medicine to treat low HDL cholesterol).
  • Higher than normal level of blood pressure (or you're on medicine to treat high blood pressure).
  • Higher than the normal fasting blood sugar (or you're on medicine to treat diabetes).

Cancer

Being overweight or obese raises your risk for the colon, breast, the endometrial, and even the gallbladder cancers.

Osteoarthritis

The Osteoarthritis is a common joint problem of the knees, the hips, and lower back. The condition occurs if the tissue that protects the joints wears or weathers away. The extra weight can put more pressure and wears down or tears off or puts pressure on joints, causing pain.

Sleep Apnea

The Sleep apnea is a common disorder in which you can have one or more pauses in the breathing or shallow breaths while you sleep.

A person who has sleep apnea may have more fat stored around the neck area. This can narrow the airway, making it extremely hard to breathe.

Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (OHS)

Obesity with the hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is a breathing disorder that affects some of the obese people. In OHS, poor breathing results in too much of the carbon dioxide (hypoventilation) and too little oxygen in the blood (hypoxemia). The OHS can lead to serious health problems and may even cause death.

Reproductive Problems

Obesity can even cause the menstrual issues and infertility in women.

Gallstones

Gallstones

Gallstones are the hard pieces of stone-like material that form in the gallbladder. They're mostly made of the cholesterol. Gallstones can cause the stomach or back pain.

People who are quite overweight or obese are at increased risk of having gallstones. Also, being overweight may even result in an enlarged gallbladder that doesn't really work well.

Overweight and the Obesity-Related Health Problems in Children and Teens

The Overweight and obesity also increases the health risks for the children and teens. Type 2 diabetes are not rare now in the children, but an increasing number of the children are developing the disease.

Also, overweight children are more likely to become as overweight or obese adults, with the same disease risks continuing on their way.

How to Fight Obesity

It is estimated that an active person will burn about 12-13 calories a day per pound of body weight. Therefore, a person having the weight 140 pounds will need roughly 1700-1800 calories a day to maintain that weight, and less to reduce it. This can be used as a guideline for planning the weight loss programmer, by reducing the calorie intake.

It is already stated that obesity is caused by the intake of excess calorie and furthermore by the lack of physical work or exercise is also one of the contributory factors. Thus, reducing weight means one has to reduce the calorie intake by reducing his high-calorie diet. It may, therefore, be suggested to an obese adult to stick to his daily diet providing for 1300 Kilocalorie (Kcal) which may help in reducing about 0.5 - 1 Kg per week.

Switching to having a balanced meal

A balanced diet contains the adequate amounts of the Proteins, Vitamins and Minerals. Once the body weight comes to the standard level according to the height, the weight maintenance diets (which are adequate in Proteins, Vitamins and the Minerals) should be taken to keep the weight constant i.e., between the 1700-1800 kcal. Therefore, the daily diet should contain a balanced amount of the cereals, pulses, the green leafy vegetables, other vegetables, roots, the fruits, milk, fats and oils, sugar and the jiggery, and even the groundnut.

Dietary Tips for Fighting Obesity:

You may not eat or drink the following items:

  1. The Alcoholic Drinks,
  2. Butter,
  3. Margarine,
  4. Cakes,
  5. Pan Cakes,
  6. Cookies,
  7. Doughnuts,
  8. Pastries,
  9. Pies,
  10. Candy,
  11. Chocolates,
  12. Nuts,
  13. Creams,
  14. Cheese,
  15. French Fried Potatoes,
  16. Potato Chips.
  17. Pizza,
  18. Snack Foods,
  19. Gelatin Desserts,
  20. Puddings (Sugar-Sweetened),
  21. Gravies and Sauces,
  22. Jams,
  23. Jellies,
  24. Sugar and Syrup,
  25. Ice Cream,
  26. Ices,
  27. Ice Milk,
  28. Sherbets,
  29. Muffins,
  30. Waffles,
  31. Soda (Sugar-Sweetened),
  32. Cut down on the salt and sugar,
  33. Eat from a rather small plate,
  34. Do not skip the meals - else being hungry you will overeat at the next meal.
  35. Do not eat while you are out of home
  36. Do not be tempted by the prohibited foods. Keep tempting foods out of sight.
  37. Do not eat while either reading, watching TV, Video or games, etc.
  38. Control your urge to eat quite excessively.
  39. Eat little at dinner.
  40. Eat in the same place invariably.
  41. Chew your food properly and completely, never gulp it.
  42. Do not eat between the meals except raw carrots.
  43. Drink 7-10 glasses of water a day.
  44. Walk after the night meal.
  45. Be a vegetarian to lose weight.
  46. Use skimmed milk instead of the full-fat milk.
  47. Avoid foods which are high in saturated fat and cholesterol

Other Tips

  1. Set a rather long term weight loss goal.
  2. Buy a rather reliable scale to weight yourself and a kitchen scale to weight your food.
  3. Weigh yourself quite often.
  4. When you are very angry, drink water.
  5. Walk and also exercise daily in the morning.
  6. Shop only after eating, to burn calories.

Homeopathic Medication for Obesity

Homeopathic medication for obesity

There are several homeopathic medications recommened by Dr. Mohit which are available for treating obesity. Here are some of the homeopathic medications which could be used to treat obesity:

Ammonium Carb

The fat patients with a weak heart. For women who are quite tired and weary and take the cold easily and lead a sedentary life. Dry coryza and the stoppage of the nose, chiefly at night, with danger of even suffocation. With the long continued coryza, one can only breathe through the mouth. Women with the premature and too copious menses, with the emission of black and acrid blood. Sadness, with the disposition to weep. The timidity of the character. Disgust with life. Heedlessness. The great absence of the mind and weakness of memory. Vertigo, on reading in a sitting posture. Chilly patient with a great sensitiveness to cold open air.

Ammonium Mur

In case the body is a lot of fat and legs are thin. With a large buttocks. Full of grief, but cannot really weep. Irritability and the disposition to be angry. Very severe ulcerative pain in the heel area by the rubbing. The feet getting very cold in the evening in bed.

Antimonium Crudum

The children and the young person with a tendency to grow quite fat with the coated moist white tongue. The subject needing this remedy may also belch a great deal, and the eructations may taste of the ingesta. Bloating after the eating. By heat is a marked characteristic. The symptoms are in the heat of the Sun. Nails getting discolored and deformed. Corns and the callous excrescences on the feet. Alternate diarrhea and the constipation especially in aged persons.

Aurum Metallicum

Fat patients with Arteriosclerosis and high blood pressure. With the fatty degeneration of the heart. Patients with the melancholy, hopelessness, the profound depression, the tendency to commit suicide and longing for death. Pain in the heart region extending down to the left arm to fingers. Chilliness predominates; the coldness of hands and feet, sometimes the lasting all night.

Calcarea Carbonica

This is the main remedy for reducing the obesity. The characteristic symptom is the sweating on the forehead which wets the pillow when sleeping. It should be given in a 200 potency with a weekly repetition. This can be prescribed to the obese children also. The patient's hand is soft, warm, and quite moist; a boneless hand with the clammy feet. Great sensitiveness to the cold, damp air. Dread of the bathing and water. Great weakness on the ascending, on walking and talking.

As a matter of fact, my friend was also one of the victims of the disease of obesity. Control over the diets, doing daily some form of light exercise and taking the help of of Homeopathic Medicines greatly has greatly helped her to win over this problem. A few years ago, her weight was 84 Kgs with a height of 5 feet 6 inches and consequently she was obese and over-weight and presently her weight is about 64 Kgs she is much more fit and fine now.

Atrayee De

Atrayee De

Hello everyone, I am a law student, I love reading, researching and singing. Apart from these I also love to dress up, and stay updated with the on going fashion and beauty trends of the glamour industry!

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